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We are an activist hivemind based on the principles of **equality, freedom and democracy**. Fighting for the [free flow of information](https://youtu.be/iY57ErBkFFE), we will operate as a free and open subreddit.
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Technical: Taproot: Why Activate?

This is a follow-up on https://old.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/hqzp14/technical_the_path_to_taproot_activation/
Taproot! Everybody wants it!! But... you might ask yourself: sure, everybody else wants it, but why would I, sovereign Bitcoin HODLer, want it? Surely I can be better than everybody else because I swapped XXX fiat for Bitcoin unlike all those nocoiners?
And it is important for you to know the reasons why you, o sovereign Bitcoiner, would want Taproot activated. After all, your nodes (or the nodes your wallets use, which if you are SPV, you hopefully can pester to your wallet vendoimplementor about) need to be upgraded in order for Taproot activation to actually succeed instead of becoming a hot sticky mess.
First, let's consider some principles of Bitcoin.
I'm sure most of us here would agree that the above are very important principles of Bitcoin and that these are principles we would not be willing to remove. If anything, we would want those principles strengthened (especially the last one, financial privacy, which current Bitcoin is only sporadically strong with: you can get privacy, it just requires effort to do so).
So, how does Taproot affect those principles?

Taproot and Your /Coins

Most HODLers probably HODL their coins in singlesig addresses. Sadly, switching to Taproot would do very little for you (it gives a mild discount at spend time, at the cost of a mild increase in fee at receive time (paid by whoever sends to you, so if it's a self-send from a P2PKH or bech32 address, you pay for this); mostly a wash).
(technical details: a Taproot output is 1 version byte + 32 byte public key, while a P2WPKH (bech32 singlesig) output is 1 version byte + 20 byte public key hash, so the Taproot output spends 12 bytes more; spending from a P2WPKH requires revealing a 32-byte public key later, which is not needed with Taproot, and Taproot signatures are about 9 bytes smaller than P2WPKH signatures, but the 32 bytes plus 9 bytes is divided by 4 because of the witness discount, so it saves about 11 bytes; mostly a wash, it increases blockweight by about 1 virtual byte, 4 weight for each Taproot-output-input, compared to P2WPKH-output-input).
However, as your HODLings grow in value, you might start wondering if multisignature k-of-n setups might be better for the security of your savings. And it is in multisignature that Taproot starts to give benefits!
Taproot switches to using Schnorr signing scheme. Schnorr makes key aggregation -- constructing a single public key from multiple public keys -- almost as trivial as adding numbers together. "Almost" because it involves some fairly advanced math instead of simple boring number adding, but hey when was the last time you added up your grocery list prices by hand huh?
With current P2SH and P2WSH multisignature schemes, if you have a 2-of-3 setup, then to spend, you need to provide two different signatures from two different public keys. With Taproot, you can create, using special moon math, a single public key that represents your 2-of-3 setup. Then you just put two of your devices together, have them communicate to each other (this can be done airgapped, in theory, by sending QR codes: the software to do this is not even being built yet, but that's because Taproot hasn't activated yet!), and they will make a single signature to authorize any spend from your 2-of-3 address. That's 73 witness bytes -- 18.25 virtual bytes -- of signatures you save!
And if you decide that your current setup with 1-of-1 P2PKH / P2WPKH addresses is just fine as-is: well, that's the whole point of a softfork: backwards-compatibility; you can receive from Taproot users just fine, and once your wallet is updated for Taproot-sending support, you can send to Taproot users just fine as well!
(P2WPKH and P2WSH -- SegWit v0 -- addresses start with bc1q; Taproot -- SegWit v1 --- addresses start with bc1p, in case you wanted to know the difference; in bech32 q is 0, p is 1)
Now how about HODLers who keep all, or some, of their coins on custodial services? Well, any custodial service worth its salt would be doing at least 2-of-3, or probably something even bigger, like 11-of-15. So your custodial service, if it switched to using Taproot internally, could save a lot more (imagine an 11-of-15 getting reduced from 11 signatures to just 1!), which --- we can only hope! --- should translate to lower fees and better customer service from your custodial service!
So I think we can say, very accurately, that the Bitcoin principle --- that YOU are in control of your money --- can only be helped by Taproot (if you are doing multisignature), and, because P2PKH and P2WPKH remain validly-usable addresses in a Taproot future, will not be harmed by Taproot. Its benefit to this principle might be small (it mostly only benefits multisignature users) but since it has no drawbacks with this (i.e. singlesig users can continue to use P2WPKH and P2PKH still) this is still a nice, tidy win!
(even singlesig users get a minor benefit, in that multisig users will now reduce their blockchain space footprint, so that fees can be kept low for everybody; so for example even if you have your single set of private keys engraved on titanium plates sealed in an airtight box stored in a safe buried in a desert protected by angry nomads riding giant sandworms because you're the frickin' Kwisatz Haderach, you still gain some benefit from Taproot)
And here's the important part: if P2PKH/P2WPKH is working perfectly fine with you and you decide to never use Taproot yourself, Taproot will not affect you detrimentally. First do no harm!

Taproot and Your Contracts

No one is an island, no one lives alone. Give and you shall receive. You know: by trading with other people, you can gain expertise in some obscure little necessity of the world (and greatly increase your productivity in that little field), and then trade the products of your expertise for necessities other people have created, all of you thereby gaining gains from trade.
So, contracts, which are basically enforceable agreements that facilitate trading with people who you do not personally know and therefore might not trust.
Let's start with a simple example. You want to buy some gewgaws from somebody. But you don't know them personally. The seller wants the money, you want their gewgaws, but because of the lack of trust (you don't know them!! what if they're scammers??) neither of you can benefit from gains from trade.
However, suppose both of you know of some entity that both of you trust. That entity can act as a trusted escrow. The entity provides you security: this enables the trade, allowing both of you to get gains from trade.
In Bitcoin-land, this can be implemented as a 2-of-3 multisignature. The three signatories in the multisgnature would be you, the gewgaw seller, and the escrow. You put the payment for the gewgaws into this 2-of-3 multisignature address.
Now, suppose it turns out neither of you are scammers (whaaaat!). You receive the gewgaws just fine and you're willing to pay up for them. Then you and the gewgaw seller just sign a transaction --- you and the gewgaw seller are 2, sufficient to trigger the 2-of-3 --- that spends from the 2-of-3 address to a singlesig the gewgaw seller wants (or whatever address the gewgaw seller wants).
But suppose some problem arises. The seller gave you gawgews instead of gewgaws. Or you decided to keep the gewgaws but not sign the transaction to release the funds to the seller. In either case, the escrow is notified, and if it can sign with you to refund the funds back to you (if the seller was a scammer) or it can sign with the seller to forward the funds to the seller (if you were a scammer).
Taproot helps with this: like mentioned above, it allows multisignature setups to produce only one signature, reducing blockchain space usage, and thus making contracts --- which require multiple people, by definition, you don't make contracts with yourself --- is made cheaper (which we hope enables more of these setups to happen for more gains from trade for everyone, also, moon and lambos).
(technology-wise, it's easier to make an n-of-n than a k-of-n, making a k-of-n would require a complex setup involving a long ritual with many communication rounds between the n participants, but an n-of-n can be done trivially with some moon math. You can, however, make what is effectively a 2-of-3 by using a three-branch SCRIPT: either 2-of-2 of you and seller, OR 2-of-2 of you and escrow, OR 2-of-2 of escrow and seller. Fortunately, Taproot adds a facility to embed a SCRIPT inside a public key, so you can have a 2-of-2 Taprooted address (between you and seller) with a SCRIPT branch that can instead be spent with 2-of-2 (you + escrow) OR 2-of-2 (seller + escrow), which implements the three-branched SCRIPT above. If neither of you are scammers (hopefully the common case) then you both sign using your keys and never have to contact the escrow, since you are just using the escrow public key without coordinating with them (because n-of-n is trivial but k-of-n requires setup with communication rounds), so in the "best case" where both of you are honest traders, you also get a privacy boost, in that the escrow never learns you have been trading on gewgaws, I mean ewww, gawgews are much better than gewgaws and therefore I now judge you for being a gewgaw enthusiast, you filthy gewgawer).

Taproot and Your Contracts, Part 2: Cryptographic Boogaloo

Now suppose you want to buy some data instead of things. For example, maybe you have some closed-source software in trial mode installed, and want to pay the developer for the full version. You want to pay for an activation code.
This can be done, today, by using an HTLC. The developer tells you the hash of the activation code. You pay to an HTLC, paying out to the developer if it reveals the preimage (the activation code), or refunding the money back to you after a pre-agreed timeout. If the developer claims the funds, it has to reveal the preimage, which is the activation code, and you can now activate your software. If the developer does not claim the funds by the timeout, you get refunded.
And you can do that, with HTLCs, today.
Of course, HTLCs do have problems:
Fortunately, with Schnorr (which is enabled by Taproot), we can now use the Scriptless Script constuction by Andrew Poelstra. This Scriptless Script allows a new construction, the PTLC or Pointlocked Timelocked Contract. Instead of hashes and preimages, just replace "hash" with "point" and "preimage" with "scalar".
Or as you might know them: "point" is really "public key" and "scalar" is really a "private key". What a PTLC does is that, given a particular public key, the pointlocked branch can be spent only if the spender reveals the private key of the given public key to you.
Another nice thing with PTLCs is that they are deniable. What appears onchain is just a single 2-of-2 signature between you and the developemanufacturer. It's like a magic trick. This signature has no special watermarks, it's a perfectly normal signature (the pledge). However, from this signature, plus some datta given to you by the developemanufacturer (known as the adaptor signature) you can derive the private key of a particular public key you both agree on (the turn). Anyone scraping the blockchain will just see signatures that look just like every other signature, and as long as nobody manages to hack you and get a copy of the adaptor signature or the private key, they cannot get the private key behind the public key (point) that the pointlocked branch needs (the prestige).
(Just to be clear, the public key you are getting the private key from, is distinct from the public key that the developemanufacturer will use for its funds. The activation key is different from the developer's onchain Bitcoin key, and it is the activation key whose private key you will be learning, not the developer's/manufacturer's onchain Bitcoin key).
So:
Taproot lets PTLCs exist onchain because they enable Schnorr, which is a requirement of PTLCs / Scriptless Script.
(technology-wise, take note that Scriptless Script works only for the "pointlocked" branch of the contract; you need normal Script, or a pre-signed nLockTimed transaction, for the "timelocked" branch. Since Taproot can embed a script, you can have the Taproot pubkey be a 2-of-2 to implement the Scriptless Script "pointlocked" branch, then have a hidden script that lets you recover the funds with an OP_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY after the timeout if the seller does not claim the funds.)

Quantum Quibbles!

Now if you were really paying attention, you might have noticed this parenthetical:
(technical details: a Taproot output is 1 version byte + 32 byte public key, while a P2WPKH (bech32 singlesig) output is 1 version byte + 20 byte public key hash...)
So wait, Taproot uses raw 32-byte public keys, and not public key hashes? Isn't that more quantum-vulnerable??
Well, in theory yes. In practice, they probably are not.
It's not that hashes can be broken by quantum computes --- they're still not. Instead, you have to look at how you spend from a P2WPKH/P2PKH pay-to-public-key-hash.
When you spend from a P2PKH / P2WPKH, you have to reveal the public key. Then Bitcoin hashes it and checks if this matches with the public-key-hash, and only then actually validates the signature for that public key.
So an unconfirmed transaction, floating in the mempools of nodes globally, will show, in plain sight for everyone to see, your public key.
(public keys should be public, that's why they're called public keys, LOL)
And if quantum computers are fast enough to be of concern, then they are probably fast enough that, in the several minutes to several hours from broadcast to confirmation, they have already cracked the public key that is openly broadcast with your transaction. The owner of the quantum computer can now replace your unconfirmed transaction with one that pays the funds to itself. Even if you did not opt-in RBF, miners are still incentivized to support RBF on RBF-disabled transactions.
So the extra hash is not as significant a protection against quantum computers as you might think. Instead, the extra hash-and-compare needed is just extra validation effort.
Further, if you have ever, in the past, spent from the address, then there exists already a transaction indelibly stored on the blockchain, openly displaying the public key from which quantum computers can derive the private key. So those are still vulnerable to quantum computers.
For the most part, the cryptographers behind Taproot (and Bitcoin Core) are of the opinion that quantum computers capable of cracking Bitcoin pubkeys are unlikely to appear within a decade or two.
So:
For now, the homomorphic and linear properties of elliptic curve cryptography provide a lot of benefits --- particularly the linearity property is what enables Scriptless Script and simple multisignature (i.e. multisignatures that are just 1 signature onchain). So it might be a good idea to take advantage of them now while we are still fairly safe against quantum computers. It seems likely that quantum-safe signature schemes are nonlinear (thus losing these advantages).

Summary

I Wanna Be The Taprooter!

So, do you want to help activate Taproot? Here's what you, mister sovereign Bitcoin HODLer, can do!

But I Hate Taproot!!

That's fine!

Discussions About Taproot Activation

submitted by almkglor to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Technical: The Path to Taproot Activation

Taproot! Everybody wants to have it, somebody wants to make it, nobody knows how to get it!
(If you are asking why everybody wants it, see: Technical: Taproot: Why Activate?)
(Pedants: I mostly elide over lockin times)
Briefly, Taproot is that neat new thing that gets us:
So yes, let's activate taproot!

The SegWit Wars

The biggest problem with activating Taproot is PTSD from the previous softfork, SegWit. Pieter Wuille, one of the authors of the current Taproot proposal, has consistently held the position that he will not discuss activation, and will accept whatever activation process is imposed on Taproot. Other developers have expressed similar opinions.
So what happened with SegWit activation that was so traumatic? SegWit used the BIP9 activation method. Let's dive into BIP9!

BIP9 Miner-Activated Soft Fork

Basically, BIP9 has a bunch of parameters:
Now there are other parameters (name, starttime) but they are not anywhere near as important as the above two.
A number that is not a parameter, is 95%. Basically, activation of a BIP9 softfork is considered as actually succeeding if at least 95% of blocks in the last 2 weeks had the specified bit in the nVersion set. If less than 95% had this bit set before the timeout, then the upgrade fails and never goes into the network. This is not a parameter: it is a constant defined by BIP9, and developers using BIP9 activation cannot change this.
So, first some simple questions and their answers:

The Great Battles of the SegWit Wars

SegWit not only fixed transaction malleability, it also created a practical softforkable blocksize increase that also rebalanced weights so that the cost of spending a UTXO is about the same as the cost of creating UTXOs (and spending UTXOs is "better" since it limits the size of the UTXO set that every fullnode has to maintain).
So SegWit was written, the activation was decided to be BIP9, and then.... miner signalling stalled at below 75%.
Thus were the Great SegWit Wars started.

BIP9 Feature Hostage

If you are a miner with at least 5% global hashpower, you can hold a BIP9-activated softfork hostage.
You might even secretly want the softfork to actually push through. But you might want to extract concession from the users and the developers. Like removing the halvening. Or raising or even removing the block size caps (which helps larger miners more than smaller miners, making it easier to become a bigger fish that eats all the smaller fishes). Or whatever.
With BIP9, you can hold the softfork hostage. You just hold out and refuse to signal. You tell everyone you will signal, if and only if certain concessions are given to you.
This ability by miners to hold a feature hostage was enabled because of the miner-exit allowed by the timeout on BIP9. Prior to that, miners were considered little more than expendable security guards, paid for the risk they take to secure the network, but not special in the grand scheme of Bitcoin.

Covert ASICBoost

ASICBoost was a novel way of optimizing SHA256 mining, by taking advantage of the structure of the 80-byte header that is hashed in order to perform proof-of-work. The details of ASICBoost are out-of-scope here but you can read about it elsewhere
Here is a short summary of the two types of ASICBoost, relevant to the activation discussion.
Now, "overt" means "obvious", while "covert" means hidden. Overt ASICBoost is obvious because nVersion bits that are not currently in use for BIP9 activations are usually 0 by default, so setting those bits to 1 makes it obvious that you are doing something weird (namely, Overt ASICBoost). Covert ASICBoost is non-obvious because the order of transactions in a block are up to the miner anyway, so the miner rearranging the transactions in order to get lower power consumption is not going to be detected.
Unfortunately, while Overt ASICBoost was compatible with SegWit, Covert ASICBoost was not. This is because, pre-SegWit, only the block header Merkle tree committed to the transaction ordering. However, with SegWit, another Merkle tree exists, which commits to transaction ordering as well. Covert ASICBoost would require more computation to manipulate two Merkle trees, obviating the power benefits of Covert ASICBoost anyway.
Now, miners want to use ASICBoost (indeed, about 60->70% of current miners probably use the Overt ASICBoost nowadays; if you have a Bitcoin fullnode running you will see the logs with lots of "60 of last 100 blocks had unexpected versions" which is exactly what you would see with the nVersion manipulation that Overt ASICBoost does). But remember: ASICBoost was, at around the time, a novel improvement. Not all miners had ASICBoost hardware. Those who did, did not want it known that they had ASICBoost hardware, and wanted to do Covert ASICBoost!
But Covert ASICBoost is incompatible with SegWit, because SegWit actually has two Merkle trees of transaction data, and Covert ASICBoost works by fudging around with transaction ordering in a block, and recomputing two Merkle Trees is more expensive than recomputing just one (and loses the ASICBoost advantage).
Of course, those miners that wanted Covert ASICBoost did not want to openly admit that they had ASICBoost hardware, they wanted to keep their advantage secret because miners are strongly competitive in a very tight market. And doing ASICBoost Covertly was just the ticket, but they could not work post-SegWit.
Fortunately, due to the BIP9 activation process, they could hold SegWit hostage while covertly taking advantage of Covert ASICBoost!

UASF: BIP148 and BIP8

When the incompatibility between Covert ASICBoost and SegWit was realized, still, activation of SegWit stalled, and miners were still not openly claiming that ASICBoost was related to non-activation of SegWit.
Eventually, a new proposal was created: BIP148. With this rule, 3 months before the end of the SegWit timeout, nodes would reject blocks that did not signal SegWit. Thus, 3 months before SegWit timeout, BIP148 would force activation of SegWit.
This proposal was not accepted by Bitcoin Core, due to the shortening of the timeout (it effectively times out 3 months before the initial SegWit timeout). Instead, a fork of Bitcoin Core was created which added the patch to comply with BIP148. This was claimed as a User Activated Soft Fork, UASF, since users could freely download the alternate fork rather than sticking with the developers of Bitcoin Core.
Now, BIP148 effectively is just a BIP9 activation, except at its (earlier) timeout, the new rules would be activated anyway (instead of the BIP9-mandated behavior that the upgrade is cancelled at the end of the timeout).
BIP148 was actually inspired by the BIP8 proposal (the link here is a historical version; BIP8 has been updated recently, precisely in preparation for Taproot activation). BIP8 is basically BIP9, but at the end of timeout, the softfork is activated anyway rather than cancelled.
This removed the ability of miners to hold the softfork hostage. At best, they can delay the activation, but not stop it entirely by holding out as in BIP9.
Of course, this implies risk that not all miners have upgraded before activation, leading to possible losses for SPV users, as well as again re-pressuring miners to signal activation, possibly without the miners actually upgrading their software to properly impose the new softfork rules.

BIP91, SegWit2X, and The Aftermath

BIP148 inspired countermeasures, possibly from the Covert ASiCBoost miners, possibly from concerned users who wanted to offer concessions to miners. To this day, the common name for BIP148 - UASF - remains an emotionally-charged rallying cry for parts of the Bitcoin community.
One of these was SegWit2X. This was brokered in a deal between some Bitcoin personalities at a conference in New York, and thus part of the so-called "New York Agreement" or NYA, another emotionally-charged acronym.
The text of the NYA was basically:
  1. Set up a new activation threshold at 80% signalled at bit 4 (vs bit 1 for SegWit).
    • When this 80% signalling was reached, miners would require that bit 1 for SegWit be signalled to achive the 95% activation needed for SegWit.
  2. If the bit 4 signalling reached 80%, increase the block weight limit from the SegWit 4000000 to the SegWit2X 8000000, 6 months after bit 1 activation.
The first item above was coded in BIP91.
Unfortunately, if you read the BIP91, independently of NYA, you might come to the conclusion that BIP91 was only about lowering the threshold to 80%. In particular, BIP91 never mentions anything about the second point above, it never mentions that bit 4 80% threshold would also signal for a later hardfork increase in weight limit.
Because of this, even though there are claims that NYA (SegWit2X) reached 80% dominance, a close reading of BIP91 shows that the 80% dominance was only for SegWit activation, without necessarily a later 2x capacity hardfork (SegWit2X).
This ambiguity of bit 4 (NYA says it includes a 2x capacity hardfork, BIP91 says it does not) has continued to be a thorn in blocksize debates later. Economically speaking, Bitcoin futures between SegWit and SegWit2X showed strong economic dominance in favor of SegWit (SegWit2X futures were traded at a fraction in value of SegWit futures: I personally made a tidy but small amount of money betting against SegWit2X in the futures market), so suggesting that NYA achieved 80% dominance even in mining is laughable, but the NYA text that ties bit 4 to SegWit2X still exists.
Historically, BIP91 triggered which caused SegWit to activate before the BIP148 shorter timeout. BIP148 proponents continue to hold this day that it was the BIP148 shorter timeout and no-compromises-activate-on-August-1 that made miners flock to BIP91 as a face-saving tactic that actually removed the second clause of NYA. NYA supporters keep pointing to the bit 4 text in the NYA and the historical activation of BIP91 as a failed promise by Bitcoin developers.

Taproot Activation Proposals

There are two primary proposals I can see for Taproot activation:
  1. BIP8.
  2. Modern Softfork Activation.
We have discussed BIP8: roughly, it has bit and timeout, if 95% of miners signal bit it activates, at the end of timeout it activates. (EDIT: BIP8 has had recent updates: at the end of timeout it can now activate or fail. For the most part, in the below text "BIP8", means BIP8-and-activate-at-timeout, and "BIP9" means BIP8-and-fail-at-timeout)
So let's take a look at Modern Softfork Activation!

Modern Softfork Activation

This is a more complex activation method, composed of BIP9 and BIP8 as supcomponents.
  1. First have a 12-month BIP9 (fail at timeout).
  2. If the above fails to activate, have a 6-month discussion period during which users and developers and miners discuss whether to continue to step 3.
  3. Have a 24-month BIP8 (activate at timeout).
The total above is 42 months, if you are counting: 3.5 years worst-case activation.
The logic here is that if there are no problems, BIP9 will work just fine anyway. And if there are problems, the 6-month period should weed it out. Finally, miners cannot hold the feature hostage since the 24-month BIP8 period will exist anyway.

PSA: Being Resilient to Upgrades

Software is very birttle.
Anyone who has been using software for a long time has experienced something like this:
  1. You hear a new version of your favorite software has a nice new feature.
  2. Excited, you install the new version.
  3. You find that the new version has subtle incompatibilities with your current workflow.
  4. You are sad and downgrade to the older version.
  5. You find out that the new version has changed your files in incompatible ways that the old version cannot work with anymore.
  6. You tearfully reinstall the newer version and figure out how to get your lost productivity now that you have to adapt to a new workflow
If you are a technically-competent user, you might codify your workflow into a bunch of programs. And then you upgrade one of the external pieces of software you are using, and find that it has a subtle incompatibility with your current workflow which is based on a bunch of simple programs you wrote yourself. And if those simple programs are used as the basis of some important production system, you hve just screwed up because you upgraded software on an important production system.
And well, one of the issues with new softfork activation is that if not enough people (users and miners) upgrade to the newest Bitcoin software, the security of the new softfork rules are at risk.
Upgrading software of any kind is always a risk, and the more software you build on top of the software-being-upgraded, the greater you risk your tower of software collapsing while you change its foundations.
So if you have some complex Bitcoin-manipulating system with Bitcoin somewhere at the foundations, consider running two Bitcoin nodes:
  1. One is a "stable-version" Bitcoin node. Once it has synced, set it up to connect=x.x.x.x to the second node below (so that your ISP bandwidth is only spent on the second node). Use this node to run all your software: it's a stable version that you don't change for long periods of time. Enable txiindex, disable pruning, whatever your software needs.
  2. The other is an "always-up-to-date" Bitcoin Node. Keep its stoarge down with pruning (initially sync it off the "stable-version" node). You can't use blocksonly if your "stable-version" node needs to send transactions, but otherwise this "always-up-to-date" Bitcoin node can be kept as a low-resource node, so you can run both nodes in the same machine.
When a new Bitcoin version comes up, you just upgrade the "always-up-to-date" Bitcoin node. This protects you if a future softfork activates, you will only receive valid Bitcoin blocks and transactions. Since this node has nothing running on top of it, it is just a special peer of the "stable-version" node, any software incompatibilities with your system software do not exist.
Your "stable-version" Bitcoin node remains the same version until you are ready to actually upgrade this node and are prepared to rewrite most of the software you have running on top of it due to version compatibility problems.
When upgrading the "always-up-to-date", you can bring it down safely and then start it later. Your "stable-version" wil keep running, disconnected from the network, but otherwise still available for whatever queries. You do need some system to stop the "always-up-to-date" node if for any reason the "stable-version" goes down (otherwisee if the "always-up-to-date" advances its pruning window past what your "stable-version" has, the "stable-version" cannot sync afterwards), but if you are technically competent enough that you need to do this, you are technically competent enough to write such a trivial monitor program (EDIT: gmax notes you can adjust the pruning window by RPC commands to help with this as well).
This recommendation is from gmaxwell on IRC, by the way.
submitted by almkglor to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

*New Story* Do autonomous trucks dream of CW McCall?

I've got some serial stories I'd like to tell about living with (and in) technology and the industry.
Do autonomous trucks dream of CW McCall?
Falstaff’s story
“For a bright shining moment, we added a lot of shareholder value”. Falstaff had a comic with that caption in his double sized cubicle, the kind reserved for senior engineers. For a while he thought it showed that he didn’t fully buy into the corporate line, but that he’d still do as he was told as long as he had a shot at the big payout. RSUs, the big acquisition. The end of year bonus. That was the deal in the before time, when things mostly worked out for most people it seemed.
Falstaff knew he wasn’t the smartest, but he didn’t complain, didn’t pick fights and lived pretty well. His bad habits didn’t impact his work life and he still might hit it big enough to quit and try something else. To have options.
Then everything happened at once. The fires. The diseases. The chaos. Nobody knew who was in charge for a year or so. Things came back. A few years passed and the wealthy parts of the coastal cities looked shiny again. Most people called it normal. To the casual eye, it was. You could still get sushi delivered to the office late at night, ski in the Rockies if you could take the time off. Things were pretty good if you stayed where you belonged and kept your metrics up. Things fell off as you went East or to the not-so-quaint rural areas that couldn’t swing a music festival or good photo opportunities for social media. Go far enough and you found the places where the Feds just walked away. Not our problem any more.
That’s how Falstaff saw the world and his place in it. He had’nt had much sleep. Drugs, risky behavior and the self-loathing kept him occupied, making his morning commute that much less pleasant. He stopped staring at the RVs and tents parked on the land next to the on-ramp as he got on the 101. He jabbed the infotainment system to find some noise to sooth or at least distract him.
“Today, the Department of Energy announced that repairs have been completed ahead of schedule for the Diablo Canyon Power Plant. Radiation levels are now below acceptable levels for the first time in three years”
Click.
“We’ve got an autonomous truck accident with a car by Exit 6 on the 280 Eastbound, so expect delays while CHP and a support team from Freightliner gets that cleaned up”
Click.
It didn’t work. He still felt adrift and unhappy in the morning commute, so he silenced the radio and drove to the office.
The office was uneventful. Park, security checkpoint, a long walk to his building, a coffee on the way to his cubicle. He pulled the privacy screen closed behind him and sat down. A quick scan of his eyes and there was his project- a payment processing application that would cut out another payment application for a small percentage of a massive stream of money.
He looked over last night’s chatter, split the tasks into ‘do the work’ and ‘show that I’m adding value’ categories.
The fear and sadness caught up with him. He wasn’t ever going to get out. If he ran as fast as he could, he’d stay exactly where he was until his rent outpaced his income. His stock options would vest just fast enough to keep him going, but he’d never get out.
The morning dragged. Tweak this, report this to someone else. The bureaucratic minutiae and make-work washed over him until lunch. He looked forward to lunch with Tran, hoping that might get him out of his funk. Tran wasn’t so much a friend as one of the few people who admitted how screwed up everything was, so there wasn’t any danger of speaking the obvious and getting a negative reputation.
Tran was out today, so Falstaff ate leftovers and instant noodles in his cubicle.
His phone buzzed. There was a message on MomTalk, a chat for wealthy mothers to discuss brunch, day drinking and their children.
An engineer friend of Falstaff’s set it up as a joke to lampoon the women she couldn’t stand and her friends played along, adopting over the top personae and complaining about nonexistent spouses and domestic staff. After things came back, it was a way to talk freely, if in code.
Heather: Hey. I’m in deep trouble. The Nanny’s unhappy and I need someone to pick up the kids.
Falstaff sighed. Tran must need something.
Sheila: Missed you for lunch. Not feeling well?
Heather: Serious. My kid is stuck under my desk and I need him to come home. UNDERSTAND? NOW!
Sheila:kk.
He got up, took his brown cardboard biodegradable instant noodle container and walked a few rows over to Tran’s cubicle. Where Falstaff’s cube was disorganized and well worn, Tran’s was sparse with better furniture. Falstaff felt under the desk and noticed a decal with one end loose. A quick pull and the label peeled off into his hand, along with a small flash memory card, the size of a fingernail.
He stood up and quickly looked up and down the aisle between the cubicles. Nobody noticed. Nobody really paid much attention to him on a good day unless they needed something from him anyway.
Back in his own cubicle, he went back to the chat:
Sheila: How urgent is this? Chip can have dinner with us or we can drop him off on the way to fencing class.
Heather:NO TIME. FAMILY’S HERE AND THINGS ARE TENSE.
Heather:RUN. GET OUT NOW.
Heather:REALLY.
Falstaff was concerned. Tran didn’t make jokes. Laughing at Falstaff’s attempts at humor was enough. He had figured that Tran’s talk of ‘having gangsters in his family’ was an attempt to seem dangerous despite being a cubicle denizen, the way middle aged men bought loud motorcycles that they never rode.
He folded the decal over the card, pressed the sides together and dropped it in the instant noodle cup, then pushed it down with the corn-plastic chopsticks.
The background chatter got quiet and multiple employees raised their heads prairie-dog like. Several members of the company security detail were looking through Tran’s cubicle. Geoff, the brush-cut ex-cop security guard for this building was standing in the aisle attempting to look like he mattered to the operation as the more polished and definitely better paid detail carefully boxed the contents of Tran’s cubicle.
Falstaff picked up his phone and noodle container and started walking towards an exit away from the commotion. Geoff noticed and walked briskly after him. As Falstaff walked out of the building, Geoff called out his real name, then jogged behind him, puffing his half a size too small corporate logo’d golf shirt.
Ironed golf shirt.
Falstaff heard Geoff behind him, but decided to ignore him. Geoff was a blue-badged contractor, safely ignored. Normally.
Geoff ran in front of him and blocked his path to the parking garage.
“You wouldn’t happen to know where Tran is, would you? I’ve seen you with him ”
Falstaff tapped on his white badge. “You’re not my real dad. You can’t tell me what to do”
Falstaff squeezed past him into the parking garage’s doorway.
Geoff glared at him while Falstaff got in his car and put the noodle carton in the fancy retracting cupholder. He started his car and drove off as calmly as he could manage. Despite his attempt at seeming indifferent, his mind was racing. He attempted to make good time without getting attention. Luckily, silver Porsches were a cliché and therefore almost invisible in the Valley.
Twenty minutes later, he was in his mid-grade two bedroom apartment overlooking the parking lot. His cat, Hank, greeted him with a raised head and half open eyes.
Falstaff gave the cat some perfunctory petting, while trying to sequence the next few tasks.
He went to the refrigerator in the kitchen, carrying the ramen cup in one hand. He selected a can of energy drink and thought for a second.
His smartwatch and phone went in the freezer. Fishing the wrapped memory card out of the cup, he picked up the can and walked to his couch, where a bestickered high end laptop rested. Debating between speed and security, he turned off networking on his laptop, then inserted the card into the laptop gingerly, mounting it read-only in case Tran left something aggressive on the card.
Huh. A couple really large encrypted files. And seven smaller files with long filenames of seemingly random numbers and letters. He ejected the card and gingerly placed it on the arm of the couch.
The file names were bitcoin addressses. A lookup showed a total value of almost $600 million in value there.
The files themselves were encrypted. Falstaff stared at the wall for a minute or two, then realized that Tran had decided to quit and take an unauthorized retirement bonus from their shared employer. Enough money to kill for.
Who knew about this, and more importantly, who knew Falstaff had the key? Tran did. Perhaps his gangster friends knew.
He pulled his phone out of the freezer. A few project related emails and three MomTalk direct messages.
Heather:???
Heather:Where y’at?
Heather:I have investors. They’re quite insistent. They’re on their way to you.
It was time to go. Now.
Falstaff put the laptop down and ran to his bedroom. He pawed through a closet and pulled out the giant duffel he used to carry two week’s laundry from his grad student apartment to the cheaper off-campus laundromat. He quickly shoved a variety of clothes, some scuffed hiking boots and some corporate branded technical outdoors gear into it.
Behind a shelf, he found a long, antiquated Russian bolt-action rifle and a few paper-wrapped boxes of bullets. It wasn’t the firearm someone on the run would want, but it’s what he had. It went into the duffle bag, which he dragged into the living room. Hank jumped down and inspected the bag.
“Hank, I’ll hook you up in a second”
A quick scour of the kitchen and Falstaff had two thick trashbags and a box of water jugs with his current employer’s old logo on them, which he emptied into the sink and turned on the faucet.
As the sink filled, he filled the trashbags with whatever looked useful- tools, hobby electronics, his laptop and cat food. He pulled out a fat stack of cash from the bottom of his drug stash box. He contemplated forced sobriety, then carefully closed the box and put it in the bag, along with the cash.
Don’t change everything at once, he thought. Now isn’t the time to risk sobriety.
Falstaff rummaged around in the hall closet and dug out a bright pink cat carrier and stuffed Hank into it, then turned to the overflowing sink in his kitchen. He opened and filled the bottles in what he hoped was an efficient use of time, then pushed them back into the box.
His phone buzzed again. He contemplated throwing it back in the freezer, then thought better of it, shoving it and the watch back in his pocket.
Hank started meowing.
“We’re not going to the vet today, dude. Shut it for now”
Falstaff looked out his window. Typical traffic. Typical parking lot. A few charging stations, a fence and tents on the other side. He opened the window and threw the bags into the bushes below. He picked up Hank’s carrier, his laptop and looked at the box of water bottles.
Wait. Stop. Think. Breathe.
Tran’s card. A minute of searching found where he left it on the couch. He stuck that in his pocket, then ran out of his apartment. He considered the elevator, then decided on the stairs as they were closer to the bags and his car.
A few minutes of pushing and shoving had the trash bags in the front trunk , the oversized duffle in the passenger seat and Hank’s carrier seat belted in the tiny back seat. He spun the tires and entered the flow of traffic, such as it was.
He looked at his phone. More people seemed to want a response. Ignoring them, he found the closest florist’s shop and fifteen minutes later, pulled into the strip mall that contained it.
A few minutes later, he was in possession of three “Birthday Balloon Extravaganzas”, finishing off the shop’s tank of helium and a bit of Falstaff’s cash. He tied the strings around his smartwatch and let it rise and drift past the confines of the parking lot. The hastily constructed wad of tape and ribbon connecting his phone to the other two Extravaganzas generated a more labored flight, but eventually it drifted away. He looked into the shop’s camera and flipped it the bird as he left and jumped back in his car.
Soon he was back on the road, relaxing with his elbow out the window. Despite the stop and go traffic, he felt safe enough to relax and make longer range plans. Even Hank had settled down for the moment. The hot air felt less oppressive somehow. He contemplated the right set of music for an escape from civilization, trying on a few genres to decide. The screen also showed that the freeway was less than a quarter mile on the right and traffic would be light.
Good.
Then he looked again at the screen and thought about antennas. His radio talked to the cell tower, which talked to the Internet. Every application knew where he was.
Which meant Tran’s investors or their ex-employer could know as well.
One hand on the wheel, he looked around for something to pull the radio out of the dashboard. Hank meowed.
“You have an idea? No? Please be quiet”
Rummaging around in the glove box, he noticed an old folding knife. Falstaff slowly pried the radio from the dashboard while occasionally looking up at the tailgate of a modern SUV ahead of him. Realizing there was a rear-facing camera on the SUV staring at him, he slid down below the dash as best he could.
A few more stop and go cycles and the radio was free of the dash. He unplugged cables by feel, but one took his attention away from the road while he pried at it with his knife
He was distracted by a horn blast by his ear. Another SUV was forcing itself into his lane while the driver gesticulated at him.
Falstaff reciprocated by waving angrily at him, knife still in hand. The driver of the SUV held the horn down, angering Falstaff enough to open the window and throw the now free radio at the noise.
Feeling the embarrassment, he jerked the wheel to the right and accelerated into the bicycle lane with a chirp of tires and howl from the engine behind him.
A minute later, he was on the highway, quickly leaving Silicon Valley. He hoped to make the Nevada line before anyone figured out what he was doing.
submitted by lawtechie to talesoflawtechie [link] [comments]

✴Coinbase helpline number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Coinbase helpline number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Coinbase helpline number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Coinbase Support Phone Number
Coinbase support number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
For any query or support, Coinbase provided Coinbase support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Coinbase refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Coinbase provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Coinbase wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Coinbase Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, Coinbase provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Coinbase Support Phone numberCoinbase Support Number
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Coinbase platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Coinbase Support team on help.Coinbase.com.
The process to reach Coinbase Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the CoinbaseCoinbase.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Coinbase support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Coinbase help desk number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Coinbase customer toll free number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Coinbase customer toll free number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Coinbase customer toll free number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Coinbase Support Phone Number
Coinbase support number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
For any query or support, Coinbase provided Coinbase support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Coinbase refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Coinbase provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Coinbase wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Coinbase Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, Coinbase provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Coinbase Support Phone numberCoinbase Support Number
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Coinbase platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Coinbase Support team on help.Coinbase.com.
The process to reach Coinbase Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the CoinbaseCoinbase.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Coinbase support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Coinbase help desk number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Binance us help desk technical number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Binance us help desk technical number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Binance us help desk technical number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Binance Support Phone Number
Binance support number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
For any query or support, Binance provided Binance support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Binance refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Binance provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Binance wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Binance Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, binance provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Binance Support Phone numberBinance Support Number
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Binance platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Binance Support team on help.binance.com.
The process to reach Binance Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the Binancebinance.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Binance support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Binance help desk number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Binance help desk helpline phone number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Binance help desk helpline phone number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Binance help desk helpline phone number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Binance Support Phone Number
Binance support number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
For any query or support, Binance provided Binance support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Binance refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Binance provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Binance wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Binance Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, binance provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Binance Support Phone numberBinance Support Number
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Binance platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Binance Support team on help.binance.com.
The process to reach Binance Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the Binancebinance.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Binance support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Binance help desk number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Coinbase pro helpline technical number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Coinbase pro helpline technical number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Coinbase pro helpline technical number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Coinbase Support Phone Number
Coinbase support number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
For any query or support, Coinbase provided Coinbase support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Coinbase refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Coinbase provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Coinbase wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Coinbase Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, Coinbase provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Coinbase Support Phone numberCoinbase Support Number
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Coinbase platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Coinbase Support team on help.Coinbase.com.
The process to reach Coinbase Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the CoinbaseCoinbase.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Coinbase support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Coinbase help desk number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Binance complaint helpline phone number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Binance complaint helpline phone number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Binance complaint helpline phone number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Binance Support Phone Number
Binance support number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
For any query or support, Binance provided Binance support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Binance refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Binance provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Binance wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Binance Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, binance provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Binance Support Phone numberBinance Support Number
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Binance platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Binance Support team on help.binance.com.
The process to reach Binance Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the Binancebinance.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Binance support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Binance help desk number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
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Bitcoin Bounce Anonymous Credit Card and Purchasing Strategies  Privacy Basics Jeff Berwick on Fox Business: Is Bitcoin the currency of the future? LIVE 🔸2020 interview with Coinbase's CEO Brian Armstrong ... Bitcoin Money: How to Mine Bitcoins Part 1 - YouTube

Regarding the recent Bitcoin sell-off, he said, “This pullback from what I gather looking on-chain took most spot investors off guard, there wasn’t the usual on-chain activity preceding it. Sell off happened at exchanges only. Stocks correlation pulled BTC down its bullish week of breaking free from Stocks.” He added: But, this is away from continually proper, due to the fact cryptocurrency anon is vital just to guard fair crypto users from varied crook actions. The tenets of Bitcoin mixer operation. The tenets of splitting transfers into minor elements and then mixing money with the identical bits of others consumers coins. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Bitcoin was proposed in 2008 by the most mysterious person in the cryptocurrency space — a software developer named Satoshi Nakamoto. It all started with the Bitcoin whitepaper . What Nakamoto offered is a peer-to-peer electronic payment system aiming to solve the problems of already existing services. Bitcoin just reclaimed $10,000 territory. According to TradingView data, the cryptocurrency broke above the price point this Monday night after a week of idling in the low-to-mid $9,000s.Bitcoin ...

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Bitcoin Bounce

This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Bitcoin and cryptocurrency markets went into meltdown this week, with the bitcoin price suddenly falling off a cliff. The bitcoin price lost some 15% in a sh... #BTC #BITCOIN #COINBASE #BINANCE #LTC #ETH #BCH Coinbase СЕО Brian Armstrong : In this AMA, We are discussing BTC price and talking about Bitcoin price predi... Jeff Berwick explains Bitcoin once again to Varney and Co. The latest run up to over $400 dollars a bitcoin has caught these MSM investment commentators off guard. Many businesses such as Subway ... This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue

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